Family of Ginger 3. Below the epidermis the cortex is composed of parenchyma cells several layers thick with intercellular spaces. SIGN UP! Family of Ginger: ZINGIBERACEAE. Common Names of Turmeric in Different Languages Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it has a different name in different regions and cultures. The scientific name for ginger is Zingiber officinale, which is thought to … Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? Garlic or Ginger / Luya (Zingiber officinale L.) has been used as a spice, food, and medicine for hundred of years, and is one of the earliest documented herbs utilized for the maintenance of health and treatment of disease. For medicinal use the dose recommended is 0.6 – 1.3 grm. Cultivation and Preparation 7. What are the characters Mendel selected for his experiments on pea plant? Several species of shellflower (Alpinia) are cultivated as ornamentals. Two other varieties are known e.g. Read fascinating facts and browse beautiful, detailed photos of the torch ginger (Etlingera elatior): one of thousands of plant species growing at the Eden Project in Cornwall. It is used in cold and cough and as a febrifuge. One genus, Etlingera, exhibits an unusual growth pattern. The dried thick rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa) is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic uses. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Zingiberaceae. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Ginger is stimulant, carminative and diaphoretic. Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, manufactured the name Zingiber officinale. The most Ginger families were found in the UK in 1891. How the vascular cambium is responsible for secondary growth? Costus barbatus is a perennial plantwith a red inflorescence. Tender Perennial apart in summer i.e. Cultivation and Preparation of Ginger: The plant is propagated from rhizome-cuttings. The oleoresin that gives pungent taste to the ginger is a viscous liquid and contains the active principle — the gingerol. 6. Answer Now and help others. Share Your PPT File. It is now cultivated over a greater part of the tropical and temperate regions. A web page providing general knowledge on scientific names of common plants, fruits, vegetables and some common trees including scientific name of mehndi, pudina, ginger, turmeric, grains and cereals. i just stumbled upon your site… it’s very informative. Scientific Name: Zingiber officinale Roscoe Common Name: ginger Conservation Status: Least Concern according to IUCN Red List criteria. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Notes on Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. Microscopical Character 9. The long, red inflorescences are complimented with edible, bright yellow, tubular flowers. Fruit an oblong capsule, many seeded; seeds arillate, globose, with a small embryo and copious endosperm. Ginger, when used as a spice, is believed to be generally safe. This protects the rhizomes from insect attack. During the growing season abundant rainfall is necessary but at no time water-logging should be permitted. Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? in height,. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Inflorescence a spike on a distinct scape; flowers densely arranged, bisexual, irregular, each subtended by a persistent scarious bract. Average Dose 13. Starch grains are numerous, 5 – 40 µ in diam. Indian ginger is again known as Cochin variety. Ginger has many medicinal uses. It is used as a condiment in curries. Every species on earth has its own unique scientific name. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. This is how the Jamaica ginger is made. Fibrous roots are emitted from these nodes. TOS4. Ginger, ( Zingiber officinale ), herbaceous perennial plant of the family Zingiberaceae, probably native to southeastern Asia, or its aromatic, pungent rhizome (underground stem) used as a spice, flavouring, food, and medicine. Ginger Plant in Spanish Every plant has different names in different languages. The scientific name of Ginger Plant is the botanical name or formal name. These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. Nectar is present in the slender flower tubes. Genus name comes from the Greek name which, in turn, is said to derive from an East Indian word cognate with Pali sigivera . Alpinia purpurata, red ginger, also called ostrich plume and pink cone ginger, are native Malaysian plants with showy flowers on long brightly colored red bracts. Members of the family are perennials that frequently have sympodial (forked) fleshy rhizomes (underground stems). The Zingiberaceae flower resembles an orchid because of its labellum (two or three fused stamens) joined with a pair of petal-like sterile stamens. Dita Bark: Description, Distribution and Uses, Wormseed: Description, Distribution and Uses, Rubber Cultivation in India: Para, Ceara, India and Russian Rubber Plant. In some people, ginger can have mild side effects such as abdominal discomfort, heartburn, diarrhea, and gas. Ginger may possess anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and has been effective in dysmenorrhea in limited studies. Explain its significance. Ginger is indigenous to Indo-Malayan region and has been in cultivation in India since prehistoric times. Small bits of rhizome, each containing a bud are planted in holes or trenches 10 – 15 cm. Ginger rhizome is often mixed with rhizome of Z.casumunar Roxb. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. – ginger P Species Zingiber officinale Roscoe – garden ginger P Parts Used 6. Omissions? It is used to flavour food stuff, beer and other drinks. It has dark green and fuzzy underneath, ginger-like, elliptic leaves that spiral up the slender cane-like stems to a height of 7.9 feet (2.4 m). Turmeric finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is part of the ginger family. The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. Privacy Policy3. Calyx tubular shortly 3-lobed; corolla bilabiate, tubular below, yellow with purplish spots stamens 3 in one whorl, one of which is perfect the other 2 united to form a labellum; filament of perfect stamen short, anther cells contiguous, connective produced into a beak, ovary of 3 carpels, syncarpous, 3-celled, inferior; ovules many on axile placentas; style filiform, lying in a groove of the anther; stigma subglobose. It is then treated with boiling water and then dried in sun. What are antibiotics? This aromatic herb goes by many names but first and foremost it goes by its scientific species nameZingiber officinale. in height,. Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. From: Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes (Second Edition), 2019 This grows also in India and is locally called Karpoor haridra or Karpoor Kachuri. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. They are then bleached by washing and again dried for 2 days. from March to May. There are many traditional uses for ginger, but recent interest centers on the prevention and management of nausea. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) They may grow to 6 metres (20 feet) in height. Oleoresin or oil drops are found scattered within the parenchymatous cells. Share Your Word File Key Uses: Food and In the case of Indian and African varieties the rhizome is peeled on the flat sides only. The main constituent is starch and fibre. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Plant Name Scientific Name: Dichorisandra thyrsiflora Common Names: Blue Ginger, Blue-ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. The Martinique ginger (Z.zerumbet) and the Japanese ginger (Z.mioga) are also used as adulterants. Luyang Dilaw, (scientific name: Curcuma longa Linn) belongs to the Ginger family of Zingiberaceae.The rootstocks of this erect, smooth plant are thick, and have strong aromatic qualities. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The chief ginger growing countries of the world are India, China, Australia, East Indies, West Indies, Mexico, Jamaica, North Africa and West Africa. rice-powder, wheat-flour, powder of flax seed and ginger waste. Ginger lily (Hedychium) produces beautiful flowers that are used in garlands and other decorations. Some-times the dug-up rhizomes are washed in clear water and peeled or scrapped and then coated with carbonate or sulphate of lime. The rolled-up sheathing bases of the leaves sometimes form an apparent short aerial stem. This scientific name The original discovery of ginger's inhibitory … The brightly coloured flowers may bloom for only a few hours and are thought to be pollinated by insects. Ginger has a very long history of use in various forms of traditional and alternative medicine. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Other spices in the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) include cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) and turmeric (Curcuma longa). Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The acute effects of ginger on muscle pain, inflammation and dysfunction induced by eccentric exercise were examined. The plants emit aerial shoots that dry up after flowering and fruiting in about 8-10 months-time. These are known from the place of origin, e.g. They look like the bloom, but the true flower is the small white flower on top. The skin gathered from such peeled rhizomes often distilled and oil is obtained. Share Your PDF File ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. A few species are epiphytic—i.e., supported by other plants and having aerial roots exposed to the humid atmosphere. In 1891 there were 110 Ginger families living in Buckinghamshire. deep and about 30 cm. The rhizome continues to grow underground while the aerial shoots die out annually and the tail end of the rhizome also perishes when old. The cleaned materials are then dried in sun for 5-6 days, taking care that they do not get damped or mouldy during the drying period. Ginger Plant in Spanish can be different from Ginger Plant in English. Vegetables Fruits Scientific Family Name: Zingerberaceae Introduction Ginger is a tropical plant that was spread around the tropical world during the colonial days. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Botanical Name of Ginger 2. Description of Ginger: Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. Why mitochondria is called as the power house of the cell? Buds developing in the axil of these scales come up as aerial scoots with normal leaves. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. Scientific Name CUDO2 Curcuma domestica Valeton Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The ginger rhizome is much branched, somewhat resembling the palm of a hand with fingers. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Adulterants. This Powdered Ginger 11. In scientific classification of Ginger Plant, Family is a main factor. During the past 25 years, many laboratories have provided scientific support for the long-held belief that ginger contains constituents with antiinflammatory properties. Where does the "ginger" belong? nearly spherical, frequently with a characteristic beak, slightly lamellated; fibres long, with rounded, pointed or oblique ends, thin walled with oblique pits. The rhizomes are then peeled and washed in clean water often containing lime-juice. The seeds of Elettaria cardamomum are the source of cardamom. Content Guidelines 2. Commercial Varieties 8. Distribution 5. Description 4. Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, has analgesic and antiinflammatory properties. It has cultivars called Jungle King and Jungle Queen. These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. It has circular scars representing the nodes with small scales. Major genera include Alpinia (200 species), Etlingera (110 species), Curcuma (100 species), Globba (100 species), Zingiber (100), Renealmia (75), Riedelia (75), Amomum (65), Aframomum (60), Boesenbergia (60), Hedychium (50), Hornstedia (50), and Meisteria (42). The floral parts grow below ground except for a circle of bright red, petal-like structures that emerge from the ground, yet the leafy shoots rise to 5 metres (16.4 feet). It’s been used to aid digestion, reduce nausea, and help fight the flu and common cold, to name … Powdered ginger is adulterated with various things, e.g. Edible or culinary ginger is the fat, knobby, aromatic rhizome of Zingiber officinale, a tender herbaceous perennial plant in the large ginger family (Zingiberaceae) native to humid, partly-shaded habitats in moist tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia. The fresh or dried rhizome is used in oral or topical preparations to treat a variety of ailments, while the … However, information to support ginger’s use for nausea, especially in pregnancy, is limited or lacking. the Japanese ginger and Martinique ginger, the former being obtained from Zingiber mioga Roscoe and the other from Z. zerumbet Rose ex Sm. Uses 12. Its generic name Zingiber is derived from the Greek zingiberis, which comes from the Sanskrit name of the spice, singabera. The anti-inflammatory properties of ginger have been known and valued for centuries. Ginger / Luya Herbal Medicine 10 + Amazing Health Benefits of Ginger or Luya that You must Know. What according to Odum are a habitat and a niche? Biology, Botany, Pharmacognosy, Medicinal Plant, Ginger. The powder is yellowish orange or yellowish brown. Family Zingiberaceae – Ginger family Genus Zingiber Mill. In Africa, Asia, or South America, and many hot spots between those continents, locals have The rhizomes are then dug up and washed. The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. Bracts (leaflike structures) are spirally arranged, and the flower clusters are spiral and conelike. Many species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume. The Ginger family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. It's classified as a member of the Zingiberaceae family, making it a close relative of turmeric. Habitat: Humid, partly-shaded habitats in the tropics and subtropics. Twenty-seven participants performed 24 eccentric actions of the non-dominant elbow flexo … The commonly green sepals differ in texture and colour from the petals. Ginger is obtained from the fresh or dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, and a number of ornamental gingers are grown for their attractive flowers and foliage. Standard 10. Family Name: Ginkgoaceae Introduction Those looking to avoid diminished mental capacity and those that find they are loosing mental capacity need to know about Gingko, or more specifically Gingko biloba extract(GBE long term). Calicut variety and Calcutta variety from the ports wherefrom the material is exported. Plant Name Scientific Name: Alpinia purpurata Common Name: Red Ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial, Evergreen Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Carl Linnaeus, a famous botanist, and zoologist developed the system of Binomial Nomenclature. belongs to the family Zingiberaceae, in the order Zingiberales of monocotyledons, which is composed of 50 genera and around 1500 species of perennial tropical herbs. Indian ginger, African ginger, Chinese ginger and Jamaican ginger. jackie December 7, 2009 at 10:41 pm hi! Zingiber officinale, known as the true ginger used as a spice, is one of the oldest known and most widely consumed spices. is the botanical name or formal name. Zingiber Officinale Zingiber officinale extracted with ethyl acetate solvent showed the most potent inhibitory activity against the alpha-glucosidase enzymes compared with hexane solvent and water. Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. 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